Newborn Care

High-quality universal newborn health care is the right of every newborn everywhere. Babies have the right to be protected from injury and infection, to breathe normally, to be warm and to be fed. All newborns should have access to essential newborn care, which is the critical care for all babies in the first days after birth. Essential newborn care involves immediate care at the time of birth, and essential care during the entire newborn period. It is needed both in the health facility and at home.

Essential newborn care includes:

  • Immediate care at birth (delayed cord clamping, thorough drying, assessment of breathing, skin-to-skin contact, early initiation of breastfeeding)
  • Thermal care
  • Resuscitation when needed
  • Support for breast milk feeding
  • Nurturing care
  • Infection prevention
  • Assessment of health problems
  • Recognition and response to danger signs
  • Timely and safe referral when needed